Cricket has been played for over a century now. What used to be a weekend get-together has evolved not just into a competition and but has grown to become a huge industry.
In the earlier days, dismissals could be counted on the finger tips. With the evolving of the game, forms of dismissals kept getting added and ways were invented to make it difficult for the batsman to last at the wicket. Currently there are 11 forms of dismissals in cricket.
The hit-wicket is one such form wherein the batsman dislodges the bails, mostly un-knowingly! A slip while sweeping, a slip while going on the back foot, a garment (handkerchief, cap, headband) falling onto the stumps, any piece of equipment disturbing the bails, dislodging the bails in going for a run and many more constitute hit-wicket.
The dismissal is credited to the bowler who normally goes red with embarrassment.
Records have it that it was J Minchin who was the first cricketer to be dismissed hit-wicket in the History of the game, when he was playing for England against a Hampshire IX in a two-day contest in 1773.
However in International cricket, that distinction belongs to Australian G.J Bonnar. From the first time when Australian G J Bonnor got out hit-wicket against England at Manchester in 1884, 153 other batsmen have fallen in this style in Tests.
A total of 224 hit-wicket dismissals have occurred from Bonnar to Elton Chigumbura in all forms of the game internationally, with 63 in ODI’s and 6 in T20Is.
The last instance was Elton Chigumbura to fall in such fashion against Pakistan.
It was also Pakistan’s first such dismissal of an opposition captain in a little over three decades.
However, the instances of a captains falling in this fashion occurs very rarely.
In One Day Internationals, New Zealander John Wright became the first captain to be dismissed via this fashion in 1983 according to statistics.
Australian skipper Alan Border has the ignominy of getting out this way twice, in 1985 and in 1987.
The latest to join this elite list of captains being dismissed hit-wicket is current Zimbabwe skipper Elton Chigumbura in the ODI against Pakistan on October 3, marking the 10th instance of a Country’s captain falling in such a fashion in ODIs.